Spontaneous youthful energy breaks out. Kids do crazy “quilt dance” during presentation on quilting.
A little fun that started out of the blue during a tutoring session.. Who woulda thunk William Blake inspired hip hop?
Et tu Subway? Their “foot-long” is only 11 inches. A guy in Australia did the actual measurement. Subway said the “bread was not baked to our specifications” and then that Subway “Footlong” is a registered brand and not a measurement of length. But their advertising gives just such an impression with one ad- showing a one foot measurement. You too Subway? Who can you trust these days?
Desegregation had several failures in implementation, contradicting the almost utopian expectations of bliss some put on it , or claimed for it. But it had its successes and humorous moments. This one is good for a bit of a chuckle on a slow day. In 1972, Flagler County was the last school district in Florida to desegregate. School Superintendent James Craig, made a last ditch appeal on his own, after the School Board had thrown in the towel. He argued that there could not be any desegregation of black kids because there were absolutely no black kids at all in Flagler. Only members of the Oriental races could be identified, hence there was no one to desegregate to. The Court sardonically noted: “In the long march from Mansfield2 this Court has seen, heard, or heard of everything3-everything, that is, until today.” (United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit, 1972. No. 71-2323)
More ingenious was the modus operandi of one Texas school district that argued its segregation of Mexican-American students was only because of their language difficulties, and was only confined to the first grade. But as the court noted:
“The Superintendent’s order had permitted segregation of Mexican Americans in the first grade only-as a means of combatting a prevalent language deficiency. Driscoll Independent School District’s coup was to keep Mexican American students in the first grade for the first four years of their educational careers..”
See excerpt of Flagler decision below:
457 F.2d 1402
UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v.
FLAGLER COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT et al., Defendants, James O.
Craig, Supt. of Schools, School Board of Flagler
United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.
March 29, 1972.
Stanley D. Kupiszewski, Jr., DeLand, Fla., for defendant-appellant; James O. Craig, pro se.
Jerris Leonard, Asst. Atty. Gen., Brian K. Landsberg, Atty., U. S. Dept. of Justice, Washington, D. C., John L. Briggs, U. S. Atty., John D. Roberts, Asst. U. S. Atty., Jacksonville, Fla., David L. Norman, Asst. Atty. Gen., Roderick N. McAulay, Atty. Dept. of Justice, Washington, D. C., for plaintiff-appellee.
Before JOHN R. BROWN, Chief Judge, and INGRAHAM and RONEY, Circuit Judges.
JOHN R. BROWN, Chief Judge:
As a last gasp in the struggle against desegregation in the Flagler County (Florida) School District, Superintendent James O. Craig, now alone and unaided by the school board, appeals pro se from the District Court’s order enjoining the operation of racially segregated public educational facilities and requiring the immediate implementation of a unitary school system, including compliance with the semi-annual reporting provision of Singleton v. Jackson Municipal Separate School District, 5 Cir., 1970, 426 F.2d 1364.1
In the long march from Mansfield2 this Court has seen, heard, or heard of everything3-everything, that is, until today.
Here the District Court, after finding that Flagler County was operating a dual school system, ordered the immediate implementation of a unitary school system on August 7, 1970. The School District resisted, arguing that it did not know what the term “race” or “ethnic origin” contemplated. It contended that it could not assure that Negro students were not being discriminated against because it did not have a Congressional definition of the term “Negro.” What began as an ingenius quandry soon became disingenuous when HEW offered these definitions:
persons considered by themselves, by the school or by the community to be of African or Negro origin.
persons considered by themselves, by the school or by the community to be of Asian origin.
Similar guidelines were announced for identifying American Indians, Spanish Surnamed Americans and All Others. Thereupon, the School District blithely filed a Supplemental Report identifying all teachers and students in the District as “Orientals,” since they were so “considered by the school.” Therefore, it reasoned, there was no discrimination, since there was only one race in the entire school district (i. e., “Orientals”) and it could not be found to be in noncompliance with Constitutional standards.
With no surprise to anyone the District Court summarily rejected this absurdity and to the credit of the School District and the good sense of its members, the Board consented to a decree, avoiding any further embarrassment by urging that contention in this Court. The School Superintendent, who was named as a party-defendant in the suit below as a matter of form, appeals singly pro se from the District Court’s order.
His argument is that he cannot enforce the District Court’s order because it contains no definition of what is a Negro and therefore, he contends, the order is vague and uncertain. Justice Douglas’s statement in Tijerina v. Henry, 1970, 398 U.S. 922, 90 S.Ct. 1718, 26 L.Ed.2d 86, sufficiently answers that argument-”One thing is not vague or uncertain, however, and that is that those who discriminate against members of this and other minority groups have little difficulty in isolating the objects of their discrimination.” The record indicates that in the past the School District has apparently had no difficulty identifying Negroes for the purposes of segregating them. For desegregation they can be identified with similar ease.
Appellant’s other argument, that he does not know how to implement the District Court’s mandate that discrimination in the system be rooted out completely by use of non-discriminatory assignment of students (as the Trial Court suggests, on the basis of alphabetical order) is without any redeeming merit.
Whether viewed as frivolous under our Rule 20, which it clearly is, or on the merits-or more accurately, the total lack of merits-the appeal utterly fails.
The United States instituted the present action nearly six months after the entry of a consent decree providing a desegregation plan for the county, because the first semi-annual report required by that decree failed to include statistical data relating to the racial composition of student bodies and faculties
Jackson v. Rawdon, 5 Cir., 1956, 235 F.2d 93, cert. denied, 352 U.S. 925, 77 S.Ct. 221, 1 L.Ed.2d 160
See, e. g., Hernandez v. Driscoll Consolidated Independent School District, 2 Race Rel.L.R. 329 (S.D.Tex., January 11, 1957). There, the school district tried to circumvent an order of the State Supertendent of Public Instruction, promulgated as a result of a court order in Delgado v. Bastrop Ind. School Dist., Civil No. 388 (W.D.Tex., June 15, 1948). The Superintendent’s order had permitted segregation of Mexican Americans in the first grade only-as a means of combatting a prevalent language deficiency. Driscoll Independent School District’s coup was to keep Mexican American students in the first grade for the first four years of their educational careers
Old Schoolhouse remodeling – group unity photo. Someone behind me had a great voice in singing “We Shall Overcome,” accompanying the classic Diana Ross version played on the sound system. Rev. Giddens seated in the center.
Et tu Subway? Their “foot-long” is only 11 inches. A guy in Australia did the actual measurement. Subway said the “bread was not baked to our specifications” and then that Subway “Footlong” is a registered brand and not a measurement of length. But their advertising gives just such an impression with one ad- showing a one foot measurement. You too Subway? Who can you trust these dayz?
Don’t ask me who started these fumes, but they broke up the tutoring session pretty quick!
While many of Lil Wayne’s lyrics are (for our purposes) simplistic, full of profanity, and thus unsuitable – a number of songs suggest deeper concepts at work that can be used to engage more in reading, reflection and analysis. Does the mirror reflect back a true or false picture? Does the reflection bring comfort and peace or turmoil for the anxious soul?
First, the lyrics are examined for useful content and the profanities purged.
Second, useful vocabulary words are underlined and used for later teaching
Third, the student is asked to think about, interpret and connect lyrics to message, mood, etc
Try the “sanitized” lyrics and vocabulary below as tie-ins with your next project. What hip hop artist lyrics would you recommend that will build reading concepts and vocabulary?
Education in Espanola, Flagler County Florida. An 8 min history lesson with two bright kids. Revised for video visit to Carver Gym in Bunnell.